The objective of this study was to assist the client in planning actions to ensure it remained at the forefront of the plant nutrition business. To achieve this, the study assessed scientific innovation opportunities and threats in plant nutrition which could have an effect on the company’s fertiliser business. The study considers the principal factors that can lead to changes in the fertiliser business and addresses what types of change are likely to occur, from where will they come and when. The study draws conclusions about these changes and makes specific action recommendations about how to plan for them.

Contents include:



General Conclusions

  • Genetic Manipulation
  • Nitrogen Metabolism
  • Genetic Engineering for Improved Nitrogen Metabolism
  • Soil (Free-Living) Microorganisms
  • Combined and Integrated Systems
  • Commercial Activities in Plant GMOs
  • Public Sector and Academic Research on Plant GMOs and Nutrition

Conclusions and Recommendations

  • Approach to be Taken
  • Getting Known
  • Technical Objectives
    • Research Programme
    • Controlled Delivery Systems
  • Relationship with Seed Companies
  • Public Sector
    • How
    • Where
    • US
    • Europe
    • When

The Report


Technical Aspects

  • Macronutrients
  • Productivity
  • Uptake
  • Uncertainties
  • Threats to the Fertiliser Business
    • Marker Crops
    • Improved Efficiency
    • Commercialisation
    • Public Sector

Annex 1. Technical Background

  • Introduction
  • Areas of Opportunity

Annex II. State of the Art

  • Introduction
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Nitrogen – Overview
  • Dinitrogen Fixation
  • Nitrate Assimilation
  • Ammonia (-Ium) Assimilation
  • Summary on Nitrogen Fixation
  • Photosynthesis and Carbon Fixation
    • C3 Plants
    • C4 Plants
  • Other Minerals
  • Partitioning, Metabolic Control and Source Sink Relationships

Annex III. Impacts

  • The Impact of Academic Research
  • The Impact of Industrial Activities
  • The Impact of Putting Nitrogen Fixing Genes into Plants
  • Key Research Programmes and Organisations in Plant Genetic Manipulation
    • Government Funded Activities
    • United States
    • European Union
    • Nitrogen Assimilation
    • Ammonia
    • Phosphate
    • Photomorphogenesis
    • Source -Sink
    • Mapping
    • Genetic Recombination
    • Genes
    • Lysine
  • Industrial Groups
    • The Plant Industrial Platform

Annex IV. Contact Reports

  • Advanta
  • Plant Genetic Systems
  • Keygene
  • John Innes Centre
  • IACR-Rothamsted
  • Rutgers – The State University of New Jersey
  • University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute (UMBI)

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