G0403 Review of Bulking Agents

Have a look at our Introduction and Brochure for a description of our consultancy work.

Bulking agents

Low-calorie bulking agents have acquired a number of more useful roles and more attractive names in the past 10-20 years. Inulin, polydextrose, resistant starch and similar products that were once low-calorie bulking agents became, inter alia, fat substitutes, texturising ingredients and are now often ‘soluble dietary fibres’, known to be good for health and in many cases, prebiotic, bifidogenic, etc. Cellulose is a non-soluble dietary fibre but is mostly used for its physical properties. Cellulose derivatives have a variety of uses including food. Hydrocolloids can be used as low-calorie bulking agents in many foods. Beta-glucan is currently of interest to many food producers as a bulking agent with a number of additional selling properties.

Bulking agents give the mouthfeel qualities of sugar and fat but without the sweet taste. They can be carbohydrate-based, protein-based or fat-based. Pectin, gelatin, xanthan, gellan, algin, guar, konjak, locust bean and inulin can all function as fat replacers.

Some of cellulose and gums used as fat replacers also have soluble and insoluble fibre properties. As soluble fibres they may also have the added advantage of reducing blood cholesterol levels and lowering the glycaemic response.

Click here for a PDF of the contents of the study or look below for an outline.


Soluble Fibres

  • Markets & Trends
  • Manufacturers & Products

Dietary Fibres – Claims and Examples

  • Health Claims
  • Bulking Agents from Starch, Hydrocolloids, Proteins & Mixed


  • Summary
  • Uses
  • Potential Applications


  • Inulin vs FOS
  • Application and Claims

Cellulose and Derivatives

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Properties and Advantages
    • Overview
    • Food and Beverages
    • Petfood
    • Cosmetics
    • Pharmaceuticals and Health Supplements
  • Applications
    • Food and Beverages
    • Petfood
    • Cosmetics
    • Pharmaceuticals and Health Supplements
    • Results Of Supermarket Product Survey in the UK
    • Results Of Supermarket Product Survey in Canada
  • MCC
  • CMC
  • Manufacturers


  • 8 Companies

Resistant Starch

  • 4 Companies & Products



24 Tables

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